Whatever the cause, acne can be painful and really affect your confidence. It’s so important for you to feel comfortable in your own skin — let’s break acne down so you have a better understanding of why it occurs and how to treat it.
Acne is the result of a sebum overproduction in your hair follicles, which causes a bacteria buildup. This leads to clogged pores under your skin with swelling and bumps — also known as acne, white heads, and blackheads. Sebum is a natural, oily, waxy substance found in the skin. It’s actually a good thing that your body produces to moisturize and protect the skin, but overproduction needs to be managed.
Acne can be brought on by stress, poor diet, poor sleep, and hormonal changes. Hormonal fluctuations usually happen from puberty to early adulthood, but acne can also hit women in their 40s due to lower estrogen levels. Men generally tend to have oilier skin after puberty due to higher level of androgens (male hormones), and the thickening of skin (more than 30% thicker than female skin). In men, the sebum level also increases to about twice that of women.
Over many years, salicylic acid has been a drug issued to deal with acne or red inflamed acne conditions. This acid helps breakdown blackheads and whiteheads and also reduces inflammation and swelling.It helps exfoliate dead skin cells which clogs pores, bringing about skin renewal. Being oil soluble, it is also better able to penetrate the pores of your skin giving them a deep pore cleansing.